Women and smokers at highest risk of dying early from type 2 diabetes

Women, young people and smokers are more likely to die from type 2 diabetes, according to a new study. Researchers found that women with the disease have a 60 per cent

increased risk of early death, and on average, will live five years less than a healthy woman. Meanwhile, men who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have a 44 per cent

increased risk of dying prematurely and will live around 4.5 years less. The study, carried out by Salford Royal Hospital, observed 11,806 patients with type 2 diabetes over

a period of 10 years. It found that smoking poses the biggest risk to those diagnosed with the disease, as life expectancy of smokers was shortened by 10 years.

Additionally, an early diagnosis – before the age of 65 – may reduce life expectancy by more than eight years. According to Diabetes UK, around one in 10 of people aged 40

and over have type 2 diabetes. A total of around 3.8 million adults have some form of diabetes, but up to 90 per cent of these diagnoses are type 2. The charity said

there are “almost 1 million more people living with type 2 diabetes, who don’t know they have it because they haven’t been diagnosed”. For the study, researchers worked out

the life expectancy of the diagnosed patients at the hospital and compared it with figures for the general population of the same age and sex. They also accounted for

demographic and lifestyle factors when looking at mortality rates. A total of 3,921 participants died during the ten-year study, compared to an expected figure of 2,135

among the general population.